The Need

European Mushroom Industry in particular employs 50,000 employees with a production 900,000 tonnes and 1,197M Euros sales. Pests and diseases in this industry causes loses of 60M Euros related to Pest control, 123M Euros of Yield losses and its facing chemical pesticide withdrawals due to a constantly changing legislation. The main pest insects causing crop losses in Europe are Sciarid flies, whereas the main diseases are the fungus Verticillium, Mycogone, Dactilium and Trichoderma. Many chemicals are no longer approved for use, and with an increased demand for reduced pesticide use, growers increasingly have to depend on disease prevention and other alternatives to control outbreaks rather than resorting to chemicals. Mushroom growers have an increased pressure to implement these alternatives on the basis of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 and Directive 2009/128/EC. This regulation makes implementation of the principles of integrated pest management (IPM) obligatory with the following deadlines for the implementation of this directive:

  • 30 June 2013, Member States report to the European Commission on implementation of IPM (art. 14.3).
  • 1 January 2014, all professional users to implement IPM (art. 14.4).
In order to find a solution for mushroom growers in Europe, national associations and cooperatives ANICC, SBGU, FTREV and RECOMSA met in April 2011 with the European Association TDGECH and J. Antonio Jimenez, president of the Technical Commission of the European Group, to find solutions for the urgent need for IPM alternatives. Between all of us we came with the idea of BioMush project for an integrated approach for mushroom growers to adapt to a stringent legislation to reduce pesticide use.




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